Upanisa Sutta (Supporting Conditions)

Saṃyutta Nikaya 12.23
PTS: S ii 29 CDB i 553
Upanisa Sutta
Discourse on Supporting Conditions

Dwelling at Savatthi, the Blessed One said this:

“Bhikkhus, the destruction of the āsavas, I say, is for one who knows and sees, not for one who does not know and does not see. By knowing what, by seeing what, does the destruction of the āsavas come about? ‘Thus is material form, thus is the arising of material form, thus is the cessation of material form. Thus is feeling, thus is the arising of feeling, thus is the cessation of feeling. Thus is perception, thus is the arising of perception, thus is the cessation of perception. Thus are mental formations, thus is the arising of mental formations, thus is the cessation of mental formations. Thus is consciousness, thus is the arising of consciousness, thus is the cessation of consciousness’ — for one who knows this, for one who sees this, the destruction of the āsavas comes about.

“Regarding the knowledge of the destruction of the āsavas, I say, there is a supporting condition without which it does not arise. And what is the supporting condition for the knowledge of the destruction of the āsavas? ‘Liberation’ should be the reply.

“Liberation, bhikkhus, also has a supporting condition, I say, without which it does not arise. And what is the supporting condition for liberation? ‘Dispassion’ should be the reply.

“Dispassion, bhikkhus, also has a supporting condition, I say, without which it does not arise. And what is the supporting condition for dispassion? ‘Disenchantment’ should be the reply.

“Disenchantment, bhikkhus, also has a supporting condition, I say, without which it does not arise. And what is the supporting condition for disenchantment? ‘The knowledge and vision of things as they really are’ should be the reply.

“The knowledge and vision of things as they really are, bhikkhus, also has a supporting condition, I say, without which it does not arise. And what is the supporting condition for the knowledge and vision of things as they really are? ‘Concentration’ should be the reply.

“Concentration, bhikkhus, also has a supporting condition, I say, without which it does not arise. And what is the supporting condition for concentration? ‘Happiness’ should be the reply.

“Happiness, bhikkhus, also has a supporting condition, I say, without which it does not arise. And what is the supporting condition for happiness? ‘Tranquility’ should be the reply.

“Tranquility, bhikkhus, also has a supporting condition, I say, without which it does not arise. And what is the supporting condition for tranquility? ‘Rapture’ should be the reply.

“Rapture, bhikkhus, also has a supporting condition, I say, without which it does not arise. And what is the supporting condition for rapture? ‘Gladness’ should be the reply.

“Gladness, bhikkhus, also has a supporting condition, I say, without which it does not arise. And what is the supporting condition for gladness? ‘Faith’ should be the reply.

“Faith, bhikkhus, also has a supporting condition, I say, without which it does not arise. And what is the supporting condition for faith? ‘Dukkha’ should be the reply.

“Dukkha, bhikkhus, also has a supporting condition, I say, without which it does not arise. And what is the supporting condition for dukkha? ‘Birth’ should be the reply.

“Birth, bhikkhus, also has a supporting condition, I say, without which it does not arise. And what is the supporting condition for birth? ‘Becoming’ should be the reply.

“Becoming, bhikkhus, also has a supporting condition, I say, without which it does not arise. What is the supporting condition for becoming? ‘Clinging’ should be the reply.

“Clinging, bhikkhus, also has a supporting condition, I say, without which it does not arise. What is the supporting condition for clinging? ‘Craving’ should be the reply.

“Craving, bhikkhus, also has a supporting condition, I say, without which it does not arise. What is the supporting condition for craving? ‘Feeling’ should be the reply.

“Feeling, bhikkhus, also has a supporting condition, I say, without which it does not arise. What is the supporting condition for feeling? ‘Contact’ should be the reply.

“Contact, bhikkhus, also has a supporting condition, I say, without which it does not arise. What is the supporting condition for contact? ‘The six sense bases’ should be the reply.

“The six sense bases, bhikkhus, also have a supporting condition, I say, without which it does not arise. What is the supporting condition for the six sense bases? ‘Name-and-form’ should be the reply.

“Name-and-form, bhikkhus, also has a supporting condition, I say, without which it does not arise. What is the supporting condition for name-and-form? ‘Consciousness’ should be the reply.

“Consciousness, bhikkhus, also has a supporting condition, I say, without which it does not arise. What is the supporting condition for consciousness? ‘Volitional formations’ should be the reply.

“Volitional formations, bhikkhus, also have a supporting condition, I say, without which it does not arise. And what is the supporting condition for volitional formation? ‘Ignorance’ should be the reply.

“Just as when rain descends heavily upon a mountaintop: the water, flowing down along the slopes, fills the mountain clefts, gullies and creeks; the mountain clefts, gullies and creeks being filled, they fill the little ponds; the little ponds being filled, they fill the big lakes; the big lakes being filled, they fill the little streams; the streams being filled, they fill the big rivers; the big rivers being filled, they fill the great ocean — in the same way, bhikkhus, ignorance is the supporting condition for volitional formations, volitional formations are the supporting condition for consciousness, consciousness is the supporting condition for name-and-form, name-and-form is the supporting condition for the six sense bases, the six sense bases are the supporting condition for contact, contact is the supporting condition for feeling, feeling is the supporting condition for craving, craving is the supporting condition for clinging, clinging is the supporting condition for becoming, becoming is the supporting condition for birth, birth is the supporting condition for dukkha, dukkha is the supporting condition for faith, faith is the supporting condition for gladness, gladness is the supporting condition for rapture, rapture is the supporting condition for tranquility, tranquility is the supporting condition for happiness, happiness is the supporting condition for concentration, concentration is the supporting condition for the knowledge and vision of things as they really are, the knowledge and vision of things as they really are is the supporting condition for disenchantment, disenchantment is the supporting condition for dispassion, dispassion is the supporting condition for liberation, and liberation is the supporting condition for the knowledge of the destruction of the āsavas.”

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