Brahmā Sahampati on the Five Spiritual Faculties

SN 48.57
Brahmā Sahampati
(On the Five Spiritual Faculties)

On one occasion, the Blessed One was dwelling at Uruvelā on the bank of the river Nerañjarā at the foot of the Goatherd’s Banyan Tree just after he had fully awakened. Then, while the Blessed One was alone in seclusion, this reflection arose in his mind: “The five faculties, when developed and cultivated, merge in the Deathless, reach to the Deathless, and end in the Deathless. What five? The faculty of faith, the faculty of energy, the faculty of mindfulness, the faculty of concentration, and the faculty of wisdom.”

Then Brahmā Sahampati, having become aware with his own mind of the reflection in the Blessed One’s mind, just as quickly as a strong man might extend his flexed arm or flex his extended arm, vanished from the Brahmā world and appeared before the Blessed One. He arranged his upper robe over one shoulder, raised his joined hands towards the Blessed One in reverential salutation, and said to him: “So it is, Blessed One! So it is, Sublime One! These five faculties, when developed and cultivated, merge in the Deathless, reach to the Deathless, and end in the Deathless. In the past, Venerable One, I lived the holy life under the Sammāsambuddha Kassapa. There they knew me as the bhikkhu Sahaka. By having developed and cultivated these same five faculties, I eliminated desire for sensual pleasures and thus, with the breakup of the body, after death, I was reborn in a good destination, in the Brahmā world. There they know me as Brahmā Sahampati. So it is, Blessed One! So it is, Sublime One! I know and I see how these five faculties, when developed and cultivated, merge in the Deathless, reach to the Deathless, and end in the Deathless.”

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